Documents related to Coronado National Forest Biological Assessment on Grazing

Comments Submitted on behalf of Coronado Forest Grazing Permittees

Note: the Coronado National Forest accepted only comments from grazing permittees. The Pima NRCD therefore did not submit the following comments, but supported planning and funding the comments by Robert Schmalzel to benefit the public goals of the Coronado National Forest and to provide scientific support toward protection and recovery of the endangered species mentioned in the BA.

2019.05.10.NRULPC comments on Coronado Grazing BA

Comments by Robert Schmalzel regarding three endangered plant species

Comments regarding Montana and Jarillas Allotments


Relevant Documents

2019.02.27. Coronado NF Biological Assessment on Livestock Grazing

Please help fund scientific comments in response to the Biological Assessment

2008 Proposed Grazing Action on the Kunde Allotment

2018 National Forest Foundation Southwestern Region Environmental Analysis and Decision Making Partner Roundtable Summary-Report

Citations to Publications Showing Benefits of Controlled Grazing

Kerna, et al. 2014 The Contribution of the Beef Industry to Arizona’s Economy: State and County Profiles

Appleton-Whittel Research Ranch

Reports associated with Appleton-Whittel Research Ranch

– 2018 Coordinated Resource Management Plan for Appleton-Whittel Research Ranch


Endangered Species

–Pima Pineapple Cactus

2017.09.28.Pima NRCD comments on Draft Pima Pineapple Cactus Recovery plan

–Riparian Ecosystems

Bengson. 1992. A Big Misquote -“90% of Arizona’s Riparian Areas Have Been Destroyed.”

Neary, Rinne and Medina. 2012. Synthesis of Upper Verde River Research and Monitoring 1993-2008

Biological Assessments by Jerome Stefferud

Krueper et al. (2002) Response of Vegetation and Breeding Birds to the Removal of Cattle on the San Pedro River, Arizona (U.S.A.)

Bodner and Simms, (2008) State of the Las Cienegas National Conservation Area. Part 3. Condition and Trend of Riparian Target Species, Vegetation and Channel Geomorphology  -Major management actions on the LCNCA, including cattle exclosure, are discussed beginning on page 9.

Pima County 2018 Annual Report for Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan


Transplantations of Native Arizona Fishes: Records through 1980 on JSTOR

–Published and unpublished records are compiled for almost 200 intentional and presumably accidental transplantations of 26 species and subspecies of native Arizona fishes, along with localities of origin and comments on current status of introduced populations.

–Yellow-Billed Cuckoo

2014.02.24.Pima NRCD Submitted Comments in response to Proposed Threatened Status for the …Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Comments by Norman James on proposed listing of Yellow billed cuckoo

Supplemental Comments of Norman James on proposed listing of Yellow-billed cuckoo


–Gila Topminnow

Below,  is the Stefferuds’ 1996 status study of Gila topminnows in Redrock Canyon.  Redrock Canyon had the largest known population of Gila topminnows on Forest Service land when cattle were present there.

However, not long after all grazing of Redrock was eliminated by the Forest Service, the Gila topminnow disappeared and was gone (extirpated) from there by 2006.  The only management change was the permanent exclusion of all livestock presence.  The same has occurred virtually everywhere livestock have been permanently excluded for the alleged benefit of native fishes, as on the middle Verde River, where both Spikedace and Loachminnow disappeared soon thereafter and where even Long-finned dace disappeared from all but two, privately-owned stretches of the river where controlled livestock presence is still practiced.  The second  link below  is a tacit admission from the FWS that the Gila topminnow is extinct in Redrock Canyon.

1996. Stefferud and Stefferud. Status of Gila Topminnow and Results of Monitoring Fish Populations in Red Rock Canyon  1979-1993

USFS (2008) Redrock Pasture (Kunde Allotment) Proposed Action

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Region 2 Field Notes: First Gila topminnow release made under Arizona Game and Fish Department Safe Harbor Agreement

Bodner, Simms, and Gori (2007), State of the Las Cienegas National Conservation Area: Gila Topminnow population status and trends 1989-2005

Timmons (2011) Gila Topminnow and Desert Pupfish Management on BLM Lands in Arizona: 2007-2008 Report

Sonora Chub

Sonora Chub Biological Assessment: A Case Study of Forest Service Direction Abuse and ESA Requirement Malfeasance


Spikedace and Loach Minnow

Parker and Darling. 2010. Comments in response to proposed critical habitat designation for Spikedace and Loach Minnow

Paroz and Probst (2007) Distribution of Spikedace, Loach Minnow and Chub Species in the Gila River Basin, New Mexico, 1908-2007